Kalimat Aktif (Active Sentences) :
Sebuah kalimat yang melakukan suatu hal atau kegiatan. Di dalam kalimat aktif selalu menggunakan kalimat berawalan me- (in active sentence and the thing receiving the action is the object. Most sentences are active).
[Thing doing action] + [verb] + [thing receiving action].
Ciri – ciri kalimat aktif (Active Sentences) :
- Subyeknya sebagai pelaku.
- Predikatnya berawalan me- atau ber-
Example Active Sentences (Contoh kalimat aktif) :
- Novry playing football.
- Ikah watch television.
Kalimat pasif (Passive sentences) :
Kalimat yang subjeknya dikenal suatu hal atau tindakan, baik itu disengaja ataupun tidak disengaja (In passive sentences, the thing receiving the action is the subject of the sentence and the thing doing the action is optionally included near the end of the sentence. You can use the passive form if you think that the thing receiving the action is more important or should be emphasized).
[Thing receiving action] + [be] + [past participle of verb] + [by] + [thing doing action].
Ciri – ciri kalimat pasif (Passive sentences) :
- Subjeknya sebagai penderita.
- Predikatnya berawalan di-, ter-, atau ter- kan-.
- Predikatnya berupa pesona (kata ganti orang, disusul kata ganti orang yang kehilangan awalan).
Example Passive sentences (Contoh kalimat pasif) :
- Ball to kick by Novry.
- Fried Rice is cooking by Ikah.
KALIMAT AKTIF MENJADI KALIMAT PASIF
(AKTIF) I took the shirt yesterday
(PASIF) The shirt was taken by me yesterday.
– Player played the guitar
The guitar was played by player
– Hundred of people visit the Washington Monument every day
The Washington Monument is visited by hundred of people every day.
– The woman is singing a song
A Song is being sung by the woman.
– Waitresses and waiters serve costumer
Customer is served by them.
– Our goverment develops good aducational system
Good educational system is developed by our goverment.
– They have changed the date of the meeting
Date of the meeting has been changed by them.
– Novry bought some computers yesterday
Some computers were bought by Novry yesterday.